Common Hair & Scalp Problems

Is your hair or scalp problem worsening? Know the signs and treat the problem at its roots before its condition worsens.

A survey conducted by Nathan Rich Research last year found that men are more concerned with dandruff and scalp greasiness, while women tend to be more preoccupied with split ends and frizzy hair. But both genders share similar concerns with prominent hair partings and hair thinning.

The survey also showed that trichology and European herbal hair rememdies are regarded the most credible treatments for hair problems. Most respondents indicated their trust in TK TrichoKare, calling it the "most trusted trichological centre".

TrichoKare has helps hundreds of customers regain their hair and scalp health, offering a wide range of services to help hair re-growth.

Hair Loss

Hair Loss occurs when the hair growth cycle is disrupted or when hair follicles are destroyed and replaced with scar tissue. It is usually caused by these factors:

  • Family History (Hereditary): Inheritance of baldness gene
  • Hormonal Changes: More commonly due to DHT in androgens, Childbirth, Menopause etc
  • Stress: Can be either physical or mental stress
  • Diet: Low protein diet or calorie-restricted diet and lack of balanced nutrients
  • Lifestyle: Excessive hairstyling and hair treatments
  • Medical conditions / medication: Thyroid, Diabetes, radiation, chemotherapy, medicine etc
  • Age: As people age, their rate of hair growth slows

Hair Fall

Hair fall is the first major symptom of hair loss. It is normal to lose about 50 - 100 hairs per day, no matter the age. If there is excessive hair found on the pillow and toilet floor, or a huge clump of hair on the comb, it means that a trichological check is due.

Hair and scalp problems are easier to tackle during the early stage. Neglecting it could cause irreversible damage to hair follicles, leading to permanent hair loss.

Hair Thinning

A single healthy hair has a normal life span of 2 to 7 years, and when the hair falls out it is replaced with new hair. The density of each hair shaft is equal and there are at least 3 strands of hair per pore. Hair thinning occurs as the individual hair strands loses density and diameter causing the hair to appear thin and limp. The hair follicles get smaller till the hair becomes really fine and the scalp becomes visible.

Androgenic Alopecia

Androgenic Alopecia is the most common form of hair loss for adults, affecting 70% of men and 40% of women.

Male pattern hair loss is normally due to genes and the male sex hormones. It affects 3 in 5 men and this condition could start as early as age 20 to 30 years old. The typical pattern starts with a receding hairline till and M-shape is formed. Gradually, it recedes to meet the crown bald patch and forms a horseshoe shape, deteriorating quickly till most parts of the head are totally bald.

Female pattern hair loss is usually associated with ageing and hormonal changes, and characterised by overall thinning of the hair on the scalp. It normally does not lead to complete baldness.

Telogen Effluvium / Anagen Effluvium / Diffuse Hair Loss

This condition mainly happens to women and thankfully it is reversible. It is caused as significant increase of hair follicles enters the resting stage prematurely which results to massive shedding. The main reason for this hair loss is due to drugs and medical treatments.

Alopecia Areata / Localise Pattern Hair Loss

Alopecia Areata can be easily identified as the hair fall occurs in circular or oval patches and it can be one or multiple patches. It can be a temporary condition, yet at times it may spread to other parts of the body.

Alopecia Areata happens normally due to an abnormality in the immune system which cause one group of white blood cells to attack some of the cells of the hair bulb. Stress is another contributing factor; both physical and/or mental stress can induce such a condition.

Oily Scalp

People who have oily skin are prone to greasy scalp with the possibility of scalp acne and pimples. Oily scalp is caused by overactive sebaceous glands and the excess oil attracts dirt and germs which results to the scalp feeling itchy.

Oily scalp is hereditary due to the hormone dihydrotestosterone and it cannot be eliminated but it can be reduced.

Poor hygiene is a contributing factor, when hair is not shampooed and conditioned often enough, the secreted oils on the scalp will start to accumulate, clogging the hair pores and preventing the hair follicles to grow.

Environmental factors like hot weather, humidity and pollution cause oily scalp as well. For Singapore climate, hair should be washed daily.

Sensitive Scalp

Like the skin on our face and body, our scalp can become sensitive too. It feels tight, dry, itchy and even painful, at times causing Dandruff to appear.

Change in climate or pollution and even Stress generate free radicals. Free radicals modify the scalp's structure and create changes in the hair bulb developing this acute sensitivity.

Unsuitable hair products and harsh styling to the hair can cause the scalp to become sensitive as well.
Eg: Hair perming, rebonding


Skin cells are formed continuously on the scalp which leads to the shedding of dead skin cells, it is a normal process that happens every 20 to 28 days. In the case of dandruff, dead skin cells shed at a faster rate than normal which is 7 to 10 days. Oil from scalp causes the skin cells to clump together and they appear as white flakes. It is usually accompanied with scalp redness and irritation.

Main causes for Dandruff is environmental stress, humid weather, pollution, sensitive or wrong use of hair care products, and skin conditions or diseases like eczema, malassezia etc.
Dandruff can be treated.

Aging Scalp

As the name suggests, when we age, our scalps age and become thinner.

A lack of care leads to scalp sagging, loss of elasticity and grey hairs, in worse scenarios hair thinning and balding. The scalp is the fastest aging skin; it ages a whopping 12 times faster than body skin and 6 times faster than facial skin. On average the speed of hair growth is roughly 1.25cm per month, however on an aging scalp it slows down to an estimated 80% growing as little as 0.25cm per month. The main causes are the decrease in collagen level, less nutrient supplies, poor blood circulation, and kidney and/or liver problem.

Greying Hair

Greying hair is one of the clearest signs of aging when the hair follicles produce lesser and lesser pigment called melanin. It often begins at the age of 30, and starts at the temples and slowly extends to the top of the scalp.


Alopecia Totalis, Alopecia Universalis, Trichotillomania, Traction Alopecia, Folliculitis, Systematic Lupus Erythematosus etc